We often hear the phrase “picky eater” being used as children grow up for those that tend to prefer certain foods and/or in specific ways. Maybe you know of or have a heard of a child only eating certain brands of yogurt or only eating certain colors or shapes of fruit snacks. Mealtimes may be stressful, but when is this just a phase versus a disorder that needs intervention?
How prevalent are feeding disorders?
According to various studies, parents report “picky eating” at a prevalence rate of up to 50%! (The definition of picky eating varied across studies). Additionally, only about on third to one half of these children will “outgrow” their picky eating in a 2-3 year time span.
Surprisingly, 1 in 4 children are reported to have some sort of feeding disorder in their childhood. This is also reported to be of higher prevalence for children with developmental disabilities.
Signs of more than picking eating
Picky eating is a very common phase that children will go through anywhere during the 2-5 year old range. This “phase” should not extend a lengthy period of time. If the child was an adventurous eater and did not present with any mealtime difficulties prior, the child will likely increase their food repertoire. Here are some red flags of feeding concerns that may warrant a referral to a feeding specialist:
· Coughing throughout meal or when drinking
· Abnormal bowel movements
· Eats less than 20-30 different foods at 2.5 years of age
· Gags with new or no nonpreferred foods
· Limited variety of textures
· Eating only easy to swallow foods
· Food refusal
Influences of gut problems
There are many developmental stages that are important for a child to experience to build their feeding skills. Influence on early feeding experiences can have an impact on the children’s feeding development. Such as a history of reflux during infancy, their body experienced an adverse reaction to feeding. Additionally, if the child is not completely emptying their digestive system, this can impact their hunger drive.
Feeding disorders can have a basis in different area such as oral skills, sensory, or behavioral. It is important for the skilled clinician to assess and determine the individual plan of care for the best approach for the child.
Ways to tackle mealtimes with a picky eater
Children who are going through a period of picky eating can make mealtimes stressful for them and their families. Creating a structure to mealtime is extremely important. An example of this could be 1. Washing hands before the meal
2. Sitting in a well supported chair with feet supported
3. Presenting all foods to child on the plate without pressure to eat. Can use an “all done” bowl
4. Do not have distractions such as tv or toys. Have conversations and engage with child
5. Expect the child to stay at the table
6. Signal end of meal by washing hands or wiping area clean
How we can helpwww.buildingblocksgr.com or call (616) 570-925.